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**"Soon the present will become the future, what we do now will influence the future"**

## HSR America Information

HSR America MagLev train travels at a high rate of speed, carrying 100 passengers per car.

We are presently anticipating that our trains will be 3 1/2 minutes apart going to individual City Centers Portals. Dividing 3 1/2 minutes into 60 minutes equals 17 trips per hour. Each car has 100 passengers, 17x100=1,700 passengers per hour. Because we don't have an actual history of passenger trips, we have anticipated a conservative estimate of 66% of the day (16 hrs) we are full, and 33% of the day (8 hrs) we are empty. 16 x 1700 = 27,200 persons in one direction.

The opposite direction is anticipated to be equal. 27,200 x 2 = 54,400 passengers per day on one line

Figuring each car that is taken off the highway will have a passenger count of1.3 passengers per car. 54,400 divided by 1.3 passengers per vehicle equals 41,846 cars off the highway below.

Carbon CO2 emissions eliminated per day is 25 pounds of carbon emissions per day per car times 41,846 x 25 lbs = 1,046,150lbs divided by 2,000 lbs (1 imperial ton) = 523 tons of CO2 emissions eliminated daily.

The average person in the United States spends 17,200 minutes on the road each year. 17,200 รท 60 min equals 287 hours per year behind the wheel.

## Interesting Facts

The American Driving Survey is the most current and comprehensive look at how much Americans drive on a daily and yearly basis. It revealed that Americans drove a total of 2.45 trillion miles last year, which is a 2.4 percent increase from 2014. Other survey finding show that:

- On average, men report driving 2,314 more miles than women per year and spend 18% more time behind the wheel.
- More than86% of US households have at least one car for every driver in the home and 28% report having more cars than drivers
- Seniors over the age of 75 drive fewer miles (5,840 annually) than teenagers (7,551 manually) Drivers ages 30-49 drive an average of 13,506 miles annually, more than any other age group.
- Drivers who report living in rural areas drive more miles (13,029 annually) compared to other drivers who live in cities or towns 910,571 annually).
- Motorists in the Midwest and Southern regions drive more miles (11,295 miles annually) compared to those in the Northeast (9,328 miles annually).
- More than 50% of miles driven by Americans are done in cars, followed by SUVs (20%), pickup trucks (17%), and vans (7.9%). Men report doing a much greater share of their driving in pickup trucks compared to women who report doing most of their driving in cars in SUVs.
- Over 66% of total driving trips and nearly 62% of total miles driven are done by drivers without passengers in the vehicle. Women are 24 percent more likely than men to have a passenger in the vehicle. Women are 24% more likely than men to have a passenger in the vehicle on any given trip.
- On average, Americans drive the most during the fall (October through December) at 31.5 miles daily and drive the least during the winter (January through March) at 26.2 miles daily.

## Calculations for Large Trucks CO2 Emissions

Emissions Calculation example for a truck that travels 1000 miles with 20 short tons of cargo (a short time is 2000 pounds)

- Step 1: Determine the total amount of ton-miles. Multiply 1000 miles times 20 tons, which gives us a total of 20,000 ton-miles.
- Step 2: Get the weight-based truck emissions factor for a freight truck. The average freight truck in the US emits 161.8 grams of CO2 per ton-mile.
- Step 3:Multiply emissions factor with the total ton-miles (161.8 x 20,000), which gives us a total of 3,236,000 grams of CO2.
- Step 4: Convert the total grams into metric tons. Metric tons are the standard measurement unit for corporate emissions of greenhouse gases. There are 1 million grams in a metric ton. To convert your answer from step three we divide it by 1 million. This gives us 3.24 metric tons of CO2 for this 1000-mile move.

Truck drivers in the US drive and estimated 140 billion miles every year. We will convert 140 billion-to-1000-miles trips. This equals 140 million trips. Times 3.24 x 140 million miles equals 453,600,000 tons of CO2 gases produced by tucks each year.

In HSR America's endeavor to reduce greenhouse gases, we will be transporting 60,000 pounds (30 metric tons) of cargo beneath the passenger salon, in each train car, producing zero emissions. 30 metric tons is 1.5 times the tonnage in step 4 above. 3.24 x 1.5 = 4.86 tons of CO2 gas per thousand-mile trip.

Trains travel at 3.5 minutes apart divided by 60 minutes = 17 trips per hour. Because we don't have a history yet, we used a conservative estimate of full occupancy only 66% of the day. Which equals 16 hours x 17 trips = 272 trips per day one way. The opposite direction doubles this number to 544 total trips per day. Figuring an example of a 400-mile trip. 400 x 544 = 217,600 miles per day traveled. 217,600 divided by 1,000 = 217.6 x 4.86 = 1,057.5 tons CO2 eliminated from truck travel each day. 1,057.5 x 365 days = 386,000 tons of CO2 gasses eliminated each year from only one track.

Considering one 400-mile section of transportation on HSR America large truck cargo transport will eliminate approximately 386,000 tons of CO2 gases per year.

## Calculations for Large Trucks CO2 Emissions

Emissions Calculation example for a truck that travels 1000 miles with 20 short tons of cargo (a short time is 2000 pounds)

- Step 1: Determine the total amount of ton-miles. Multiply 1000 miles times 20 tons, which gives us a total of 20,000 ton-miles.
- Step 2: Get the weight-based truck emissions factor for a freight truck. The average freight truck in the US emits 161.8 grams of CO2 per ton-mile.
- Step 3:Multiply emissions factor with the total ton-miles (161.8 x 20,000), which gives us a total of 3,236,000 grams of CO2.
- Step 4: Convert the total grams into metric tons. Metric tons are the standard measurement unit for corporate emissions of greenhouse gases. There are 1 million grams in a metric ton. To convert your answer from step three we divide it by 1 million. This gives us 3.24 metric tons of CO2 for this 1000-mile move.

Truck drivers in the US drive and estimated 140 billion miles every year. We will convert 140 billion-to-1000-miles trips. This equals 140 million trips. Times 3.24 x 140 million miles equals 453,600,000 tons of CO2 gases produced by tucks each year.

In HSR America's endeavor to reduce greenhouse gases, we will be transporting 60,000 pounds (30 metric tons) of cargo beneath the passenger salon, in each train car, producing zero emissions. 30 metric tons is 1.5 times the tonnage in step 4 above. 3.24 x 1.5 = 4.86 tons of CO2 gas per thousand-mile trip.

Trains travel at 3.5 minutes apart divided by 60 minutes = 17 trips per hour. Because we don't have a history yet, we used a conservative estimate of full occupancy only 66% of the day. Which equals 16 hours x 17 trips = 272 trips per day one way. The opposite direction doubles this number to 544 total trips per day. Figuring an example of a 400-mile trip. 400 x 544 = 217,600 miles per day traveled. 217,600 divided by 1,000 = 217.6 x 4.86 = 1,057.5 tons CO2 eliminated from truck travel each day. 1,057.5 x 365 days = 386,000 tons of CO2 gasses eliminated each year from only one track.

Considering one 400-mile section of transportation on HSR America large truck cargo transport will eliminate approximately 386,000 tons of CO2 gases per year.